Transportation of Dangerous Goods 

Written by  Thursday, 05 March 2015 14:09
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Training for Ethio-safety Shippers and Receivers
 
    Welcome to the Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) 
 refresher/training course specifically designed for Ethio-safety staff responsible for preparing, packaging and/or receiving dangerous goods. 
    The intent of this course is to provide you with the necessary information to safely handle dangerous goods and meet the requirements of the regulations. 
• The course covers transportation of dangerous goods products, i.e. goods sent/received via mail and currier services, and the preparation of hazardous waste for pickup. These instructions focus primarily on the ground transportation and TDG Clear Language Regulations. 
• For Shipments of biohazardous materials, additional instructions are required. After completing the basic TDG training and quiz, read the Transportation of Dangerous Goods-Biohazard Module and take the quiz.
• Definitions 
• Carrier: means a person who has possession of dangerous goods while they are in transport 
• Dangerous Good: A product, substance or organism included by its  nature or by the TDG regulations in any of the classes listed in the  schedule of the act. 
• ERAP: Emergency Response Assistance Plan is required for quantities exceeding those listed in column 7 of schedule 1 of the TDG Clear Language Regulations. It is a document outlining the     specific emergency procedures in case of accidental release or spill 
• IAEA: International Atomic Energy Agency 
• IATA: International Air Transportation Association 
• Receiver (Consignee): Initial person who receives a consignment of dangerous goods 
• Shipper (Consignor): a person who offers a consignment of dangerous  goods for shipment 
• TDG: Transportation of Dangerous Goods
 
• Training Requirements 
• Ethio-Safety staff must receive the appropriate TDG training when dangerous goods are: – Packaged for Transport 
– Shipped 
– Received 
–  Transported by road, air, or rail 
•  A training certificate is valid for two years under TDG Regulations  after which the individual must undergo re-certification.
• Responsibilities of Shipper (Consignor) 
• Ensure all aspects of the regulation are met
• Classify the dangerous goods 
• Verify limits, special provisions 
• Package and separate incompatible dangerous goods 
• Ensure the proper display of safety marks 
• Prepare shipping document 
• Report accidents and incidental release 
• Keep copy of shipping document for two years
• Responsibilities of Receivers 
• Ensure all aspects of the regulation are met 
• Recognize all safety marks, be knowledgeable of what you are handling • Unload the goods safely 
• Advise responsible person when consignment in non compliant 
• Report accidents and incidental release 
• Keep a copy of shipping document for two years
 Offences under the Act 
• Failure to comply with the requirements of the transportation of dangerous goods act could result in charges which may include :
– Fines 
– Jail time 
– Prohibition from transporting dangerous goods for up to one year
 – Compensation for damage to the environment or spill cleanup 
– Payment for conducting technical research and investigation
 • TDG Hazard Classification 
 
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• TDG Regulations classify dangerous goods into nine hazard classes. 
• Some classes are further divided into divisions, ex class 2 (gasses) has a division 2.1 (flammable gas) , 2.2. (nonflammable gas) and 2.3 (toxic gas).
 
The 9 Hazard Classes 
Class 1 - Explosives (dynamite, black powder)
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Class 2 - Gases (propane, natural gas)
 
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Class 3 - Flammable liquids (gasoline, fuel oil)
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Class 4 - Flammable solids; spontaneously combustible and substances that, on contact with water, emit flammable gases (phosphorus)
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Class 5 - Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides (hydrogen peroxide, ammonium nitrate)

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 Class 6 – Poisonous (toxic) and infectious substances (anthrax, medical waste)   
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Class 7 - Radioactive materials (plutonium, cobalt)
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Class 8 - Corrosives (sulfuric acid, caustic soda) 
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Class 9 - Miscellaneous products, substances, organisms
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• Labels & Placards
• Labels and placards are diamond-shaped symbols representing the hazard class. The colour, design and size must meet specific requirements. Labels can be obtained from online suppliers or by contacting EH&S
  
• Dangerous Goods Classification 
• The shipper is responsible for the proper classification of dangerous goods. Dangerous Goods     Classification can be obtained by: 
– Consulting Schedule1of the TDG regulation for a list of shipping classes. 
– For transport by air consult the following shipping guideline. 
– Obtaining the TDG classification from the manufacturer or original shipper 
– Consulting an MSDS for the specific material 
– Contacting Environmental Health and Safety
• All chemicals are classified according to a primary hazard class and some may have a subsidiary class. 
• For example Acetone is listed in schedule 1. col. 3 as a class 3 (flammable substance). It has no subsidiary class. 
• Chloroacetic Acid Solution is classified as a class 6.1(8). 6.1 (toxic) is the primary classification and 8 (corrosive) is the subsidiary class.
 
• ERAP 
• According to the TDG Clear Language Regulation, some dangerous goods cannot be shipped above certain specified quantities unless an Emergency Response Assistance Plan (ERAP) has been     developed. Consult the TDG handbook, or Appendix 3 of the Ethio-safety's TDG Policy to see if your shipment falls under the amount specified in column 7 of schedule 1. A blank in col. 7 indicates no  ERAP is required. 
• If an ERAP is required for your shipment consult EH&S
 
• Dangerous Goods Packaging 
    Dangerous goods must be packaged in a container that has met set design and testing requirements. These containers are stamped with the appropriate UN certification mark. 
• Different packages are available depending on the type of material you are shipping, for example if  biological samples are shipped on dry ice, an appropriate package that allows for the venting of CO2     gas must be used. 
• UN approved boxes are available at selected areas on campus, or may be ordered from the International Compliance Center.
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• The means of transport (ground or air) further determines the type of  packaging that is required. 
• Packages shipped only by ground must meet the packaging instructions  of the TDG Clear Language     Regulations. 
• If your package will at any point be transported by air, it must meet the packaging requirements set out in     the IATA Regulation. 
• Consult EH&S for advice.
• Below is an example of a UN certification mark you might see on a cardboard box. 
• The regulations or EH&S should be consulted to identify the correct package to use.
 
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• Packing Groups 
• There are 3 packing groups indicating the severity of the hazard  involved 
• Packing Group I – Great Danger 
• Packing group II – Medium Danger 
• Packing Group III – Minor Danger 
• Packing groups appear in col. 4 of schedule 1 and as the name suggests, they specify the packing requirements for that chemical.
 
 General Packaging guideline: 
1. Ensure primary containers (bottles, vials etc) are labelled and well sealed to prevent leaking. 
2. Line your UN approved box with a secondary waterproof container (Sealable bag, plastic closable container etc.) 
3. Place chemical(s) into box. When packaging multiple chemicals for hazardous waste disposal,  ensure only compatible chemicals are shipped in the same box. 
4. When shipping liquids, fill the bag inside the box with an absorbent material such as vermiculite or     chemical absorbent pads. Ensure enough material is used to absorb all of the chemical in the event     of a spill.
5. When shipping solids, fill the box with non reactive padding material, preferably vermiculite to     ensure the chemicals are secure and can not move inside the box. 
6. Seal the bag 
7. Close and seal the box with shipping tape 
8. When shipping a product or samples via currier services, attach all appropriate labels and markings  to the outside of the box.
 9. When preparing waste for pickup, consult the EH&S website for procedures and fill out the  appropriate from at www.ethiosafety.com.
 
• Outer Package Requirements 
• When shipping a product or samples via mail or currier, the following items must be attached to the outside of the box. All information can be found in schedule 1 of the regulations. 
1. The Shipping Name as it appears in the regulations 
2. Hazard class label(s) 
3. Identification number (UN number) 
4. Packing group 
5. Orientation label (for liquids only when transported by air) 
6. Standardized UN certification mark (Automatically appears on UN certified packaging
 
 
• Shipping Radioactive Materials of Class 7 
• EH&S must be contacted when sending packages containing class 7 radioactive substances. The staff at EH&S have received additional training under TDG and CNSC Transport Packaging of Radioactive Materials Regulation
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• Damaged Packages/Spills 
• Damaged packages containing dangerous goods should be accepted by University receivers. Underthe Packaging and Transport of Nuclear Substances Regulation, a consignee cannot refuse a     shipment that is damaged, or allow it to be shipped from their possession if the shipment is knowingly not in compliance. This will apply to all shipments of dangerous goods. 
• If you receive a damaged package note that it has been damaged on the accompanying shipping documentation and notify the shipper for reimbursements. 
• If you receive a damaged Class 7 Radioactive shipment, immediately notify the Radiation Safety officer at the Department of EH&S.
 
• Spills/Damaged Packages 
• Clean up only small spills if you have been properly trained, and you have the appropriate spill cleanup materials. 
• In case of an emergency such as a large spill contact the ERC or EH&S. 
• Damaged goods shall be disposed through the Queen’s University hazardous waste disposal system.
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• Shipping Documentation 
• Three documents apply to the shipment of dangerous goods depending on the mode of transport and the type of goods being shipped: 
1 Straight Bill of Lading Form- for shipments by ground under TDG 
2 Shippers Declaration of Dangerous Goods Form- for shipments by air under IATA 
3 Waste Manifest- for shipments of hazardous waste (filled out ONLY by EH&S or under special approval from EH&S) 
                                                        Forms can be obtained from currier companies websites. 
• The shipper is responsible for filling out the proper shipping documentation that can only be signed by a trained employee, or an untrained employee working in the presence and under the direct supervision of an     individual who holds a training certificate. 
• A dangerous goods form must include the following information: 
– Proper Shipping name
– Class 
– UN Number 
– Packing Group 
– Package contents and packaging information 
• For Example, 
• ACETONE (Shipping name taken from schedule 1) 
• Class 3 
• UN 1090 • PG II 
• Net Quantity 5.0 L in 1 Fibreboard box 
• *Additional information is required when transporting dangerous goods by air. Contact EH&S for assistance.
 
• Hazardous Waste Request Forms 
• Hazardous waste request forms can be filled out on the EH&S website :
• Select the Appropriate form 
• Ensure your waste containers are well sealed, labelled, and all required fields are filled out on the form 
• Use only full chemical names (no trade names or formulas) and list all chemical components and their concentrations.
 
• International Shipments 
• For international Shipments, Ethio-Safety contracts with a custom broker. We recommend that the customs broker be used to ensure that your shipment clears customs without delay or other problems. Dangerous goods documentation must accompany the shipment. Contact Procurement Services for further information on obtaining the proper documentation for international shipments .
• Shipping Record Retention 
• Departments are responsible for maintaining shipping documentation on record for two years following the date of shipment.
• Know what you are handling: Does your shipment contain hazardous materials or dangerous goods? Hazardous material shipments should only be handled by knowledgeable and trained staff. 
• Prepare for emergencies. Keep spill supplies and emergency contact numbers on hand. Take time to review response and clean up procedures before you need them. 
• Please ensure your training is up to date. Check your TDG card and if it’s more than two years old take the Quiz.
Last modified on Thursday, 05 March 2015 15:40
Seyfu Mekonen

Seyfu Mekonen is a founder and administrator of ethiosafety.com. As a founder and administrator he is responsible for free and up to date safety and security informations. He can be reached: seyfu2002@yahoo.com

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